Technology is not a recent thing. Nor are the “rapid” changes we are experiencing. (and see my remix presentation of educational technology through the ages)
Socrates famously argued against literacy and books for the masses. There was outrage over the use of the blackboard and the slate. Let’s not mention the stir that “TV” caused both socially and in education. Let’s suffice to say, “we all survived”.
Change is the only certainty. But how to decide whether the “old” technology is better than the “new”? Well, I think there are some important considerations that we should mull over for our own teaching situations (and these decisions are micro and not wholesale – all depends and that’s why with technology, there is no clear line to draw). I’ll add that we should not judge anything in the light of “how we learned”. That’s just bias and bad practice.
Here are the things I’ve advised regarding decisions about the use and implementation of new technologies. I’ve included the main questions that should be asked about each.
1. Affordances (interactions between user and tool)
How does the technology match the abilities of the teachers or students who will use it?
Will it be under utilized or require “pressure” from above, regarding implementation?
Is it a big jump for all concerned, with the need for extensive training?
How is the technology perceived? Is it motivational?
Take away: Keep the technology that requires low intensity training and that is already being used by students and teachers alike. KISS – new technologies that are simple to implement and use are best.
What are the monetary and time costs of implementing the new technology?
How much time does it take to set up and for students to engage/use the new technology compared to the old?
Take away: If it takes a lot of time out of your schedule in terms of prep or if it costs an arm and a leg – think again.
How well does the technology add to the skill or educational objective in question?
Is the technology something the students will need to use in their future or does it only help teach the subject content?
Take away: Is the technology ubiquitous and “background”? If so, consider using it. Don’t use technology for technology’s sake, unless for important motivational reasons.
4. Interactional and Communicative efficiencies.
Does the new technology allow for better communication of meaning?
Does the technology enhance student interaction and engagement?
Does the technology allow for better presentation of information by how it both prepares, presents and processes info?
Take away: Use technology that engages students in terms of thinking skills and student centered learning. Ask yourself what value it has for student learning, not your own teaching.
The few recent comment sections of both Scott Thornbury’s and Ken Wilson’s blog have had me grinding my teeth a lot. I think there is a lot of an “either/or” paradigm in operation, despite protests and posturing otherwise. I find that unfortunate.
Technology is here to stay. We will always be replacing our fridges (so to speak). It is about having best teaching practices in place to evaluate the new technologies and opt for those that will have an overall postive impact on learning. That’s why we need leadership in the implementation of educational technology – thoughtful leadership. Not just people jumping on bandwagons.
As far as ELT goes, I’ll leave it for another post. However, I see major positives vis a vis new technologies when it comes to language. Especially the ability of technology to contextualize and bring the outside, in. Further to this – it extends the classroom by allowing students anywhere/anytime access to information and curriculum. Also, technology provides access to large linguistic data sets (the work I’m doing with EnglishCentral for example – which will become one large video corpus for teachers).
It’s exciting out there but lets use our heads.
To end – three practical “thought experiments” for evaluating technologies. Which would you chose and what questions would you ask, in order to reach that decision?
1. Make a worksheet or a “hot potatoes” computerized version?
2. Story writing. Paper and pen or Storybird?
3. Telephone English. Students sitting back to back doing a task based dialog practice or students in different rooms with their own cell phones?
If you liked this, you might enjoy – Web 2.0 and English Language Teaching